Amanda Carrico, Environmental Studies, University of Colorado-Boulder
The question of how climate change drives temporary and permanent human migration has been the focus of much research in recent decades. As a densely populated low-lying nation, Bangladesh is an especially important context to explore the relationship between migration and environmental change. In this talk, I will discuss findings from the Bangladesh Environment and Migration Survey (BEMS), which collected retrospective history data from Bangladeshi households in 2014. I will examine how internal and international outmigration have evolved over time in this region. I will focus specifically on the relationship between extreme weather and outmigration, and how the existence of social ties to other migrants moderates this relationship.
Robert Wyrod, Women & Gender Studies, University of Colorado-Boulder
In the West, the connection between women’s rights and women’s sexual health is often taken as a given. Women’s successful struggles for sexual autonomy, reclaiming sexual desire, and control over reproduction were foundational aspects of the women’s liberation movement. This talk examines why this link between rights and sexual health cannot be assumed in many non-Western contexts. Drawing on ethnographic research in Uganda, a country noted for its promotion of women’s rights, Robert discusses the rather puzzling disconnect he encountered between women’s rights and women’s sexual health. He will present a four-part framework that helps explain this disconnect and then discuss the implications these findings have for the sexual health of African women, and men, in the context of HIV/AIDS.
Ian Walker is a Lead Economist in the Jobs Group at the World Bank. He was previously the IADB’s Representative in Honduras; and a Lead Economist in the World Bank’s social protection team for Latin America and the Caribbean Region. His recent publications have focused on social protection systems and on the supply and demand for skills. He has also worked on country strategies, private sector development, infrastructure, value chains and on household and firm surveys for impact evaluation and other purposes.
Lunch will be served.
Program on International Development
Kate Coleman-Minahan is a social scientist and family nurse practitioner who joined the CU College of Nursing as an assistant professor in 2017. She received her PhD in Health and Behavioral Sciences from the University of Colorado Denver and completed a postdoctoral research fellowship with the Texas Policy Evaluation Project (TxPEP) at the University of Texas at Austin.
Marginalized young women experience sexual and reproductive health disparities through the intersection of gender, age, race/ethnicity, immigration status, and socioeconomic status. I will present my current and proposed work addressing how society, public policy, healthcare systems, and research practice fail these young women through, (1) reproducing and ignoring structural vulnerability, (2) restricting access to reproductive health services, and (3) reinforcing stigma around adolescent sex, pregnancy, and abortion.
J. Ketil Arnulf, Norwegian Business School & Kim Nimon, University of Texas
Abstract: The Semantic Theory of Survey Response (STSR) states that when survey respondents are asked to reply in terms of their attitude strength, as is common in, for example, Likert scales, the most likely source of variation is from language understanding shared by all rather than from respondents’ shared experiences as a group. In STSR, this variance is often tested by calculating the semantic or lexical similarity among survey items using natural language processing tools such as Latent Semantic Analysis, and using these similarities to predict or explain correlations. So far, several leadership and IS theories have been shown to be largely explainable through such analysis (Arnulf & Larsen, 2015; Arnulf, Larsen, Martinsen, & Bong, 2014; Gefen & Larsen, 2017; Larsen & Bong, 2013; Nimon, Shuck, & Zigarmi, 2015), and a forthcoming paper in Behavior Research Methods extends the work to the individual respondent level (Arnulf, Larsen, Martinsen, & Egeland, 2018). Join to discuss whether Rensis Likert has led the psychometric disciplines on an 85-year wild goose chase, and how to STSR-proof surveys
Tuesday, January 23rd 12:00 pm - 1:15 pm, Old Main Chapel
The Opportunities and Challenges of Economic Development brings together three experts
to discuss recent global trends in economic development, the benefits and costs of
economic growth and gender, and economic development programs with a focus on the
business of international development and postconflict/ disaster development.
Michael Ross (co-authors Cesar Martinez Alvarez, Chad Hazlett, and Paasha Mahdavi)
All governments either tax or subsidize the consumption of fossil fuels. These policies have far-reaching economic and environmental consequences, but governments often face strong political pressure to keep prices low. We use a new data set on monthly gasoline prices around the world to study the conditions under which governments change their gasoline subsidies. We focus on the 22 countries responsible for more than 95 percent of the world’s gasoline subsidies between 2003 and 2015. Our analysis suggests that many factors alleged to promote reform have little impact. Reforms, while rare, became significantly rarer when elections are imminent.
Michael L. Ross is a Professor of Political Science at University of California Los Angeles and is affiliated with the UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability. He has published widely on the political and economic problems of resource-rich countries, energy politics, civil war, democracy, and gender rights.
Ross is the Executive Director and co-founder of the Project on Resources, Governance, and Development; a Non-resident Fellow at the Center for Global Development; a member of the SSRC Working Group on Climate Change; a member of the advisory boards of the Natural Resources Governance Institute and Clean Trade; and a member of the Political Instability Task Force, the Multi Stakeholder Group of the US Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network Thematic Group on "Good Governance of Extractive and Land Resources."
Program on International Development
Thursday, January 18th 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm, IBS 155B
Matthew Turner, Professor of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Matthew Turner is a professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research concerns, in broad terms, nature-society relations in dryland West Africa. Using political ecology frameworks, he has conducted research on questions of environmental governance, resource-related conflict, pastoral livelihoods, property institutions, dryland degradation, vegetative dynamics, food security, and climate change vulnerability. His work often involves mixed methods combining qualitative and quantitative data and analysis in novel ways. As someone with strong commitments to the rural people with whom he works, he often finds it necessary to critically engage with environmental science and development practices that directly or indirectly shape their lives.
Eric Carlson is a fifth-year graduate student in the department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and was recently hired by the Research & Development Office (RIO) as a Research Development Associate. He is the resident expert on funding opportunity databases and trains researchers how to identify funding opportunities using SPIN and the Foundation Directory Online. He is available for both group trainings and individual faculty consultations in all disciplines.
IBS is committed to advancing knowledge of society's most pressing challenges, and to pursuing solutions to those challenges through innovative and interdisciplinary research, education, and engagement in the world.