Abstract: The dominant narrative on economic coercion focuses on institutional, cultural, and reputational factors to explain why some countries use economic sanctions as a foreign policy tool. In this article, we argue that the linkage between economic sanctions and migration is an important consideration for potential sanction givers. Economic sanctions often increase the economic distress on the target country, which in turn causes more people to migrate to countries where their co-ethnics reside. Countries that host a large number of nationals from the target country face a disproportionately high level of migration pressure when sanctions increase emigration from the target country. Hence, policymakers of these countries oppose economic sanctions on the target country as an attempt to reduce migration. Analyzing the sanctions bills in the European Parliament from 2011 to 2015, we find empirical support for our prediction.
Brendan J. Connell is a PhD student in the Political Science department at CU Boulder. His research agenda lies within international political economy (IPE) and examines government responses to economic crises and globalization. Prior to CU, he studied International Affairs (M.A.) at American University in Washington DC and international trade law at the Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland.
Samantha L. Moya is a doctoral student of Political Science at the University of Colorado Boulder. Samantha received her BA in Political Science from the University of New Mexico in December 2013. She majored in Political Science, with a minor in Philosophy. Her undergraduate research analyzed the effects of economic globalization on women’s political and economic equality. Samantha currently studies international and comparative political economy (IPE/CPE), with a focus on trade and migration, and their political ramifications in society.
Adrian J. Shin (Ph.D., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 2016) specializes in comparative and international political economy (CPE/IPE) with an emphasis on the political economy of international migration. His broad research agenda examines the causes and consequences of economic globalization, including the determinants of immigration policy and the political consequences of factor mobility. His research on immigration policy has been funded by the National Science Foundation.
Jenny Van Hook (Sociology, Pennsylvania State University).
Title: "Healthy Eating Among Mexican Immigrants: Migration in Childhood and Time in the U.S."
Abstract: Past research on immigrant health frequently finds that the duration of time lived in the United States is associated with the erosion of immigrants’ health advantages. However, the timing of U.S. migration during the life course is rarely explored. We draw from developmental and sociological perspectives to theorize how migration during childhood may be related to healthy eating among adult immigrants from Mexico. We test these ideas with a mechanism-based age-period-cohort model to disentangle age, age at arrival, and duration of residence. Results show that immigrants who arrived during preschool ages (2–5 years) and school ages (6–11 years) have less healthy diets than adult arrivals (25+ years). After accounting for age at arrival, duration of residence is positively related to healthy eating. Overall, the findings highlight the need to focus more research and policy interventions on child immigrants, who may be particularly susceptible to adopting unhealthy American behaviors during sensitive periods of childhood.
Bio: Jennifer Van Hook is Roy C. Buck Professor of Sociology and Demography at Pennsylvania State University, and currently serves as Head of the Sociology Department and is the former Director of the Population Research Institute. Van Hook is interested in demography, immigrant integration, and health. One part of her scholarly work uses demographic methods to estimate the size, characteristics, and dynamics of the unauthorized foreign-born population, while another focuses on the health and well-being of immigrants and their children. Professor Van Hook is a recent recipient of the Clifford C. Clogg Award for Mid-Career Achievement from the Population Association of America.
Title: "Environmental Change and Migration in Historical Perspective"
Presenter: Uwe Lübken, LMU Munich
Abstract: Current debates about "climate refugees" have triggered interest in the larger connections between environmental change and migration. But what can history contribute to this new field of research?
Focusing on historical case studies of environmental migration in general and displacement after natural disasters in particular, Uwe Lübken’s talk will highlight the potential of historical research for this debate
Bio: Uwe Lübken is professor of American history at Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich. He has held teaching and research positions at the universities of Cologne, Munich, Münster and at the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC. His publications include a prize-winning book on the U.S. perception of the National Socialist threat to Latin America and several edited volumes, special issues, and articles on (American) transnational history and the history of natural hazards and catastrophes. He has published a history of flooding of the Ohio River (2014) and co-edited volumes on urban fires (University of Wisconsin Press, 2012), the management of natural resources (Berghahn Books, 2014) and city-river relations (Pittsburgh University Press, 2016). His current work explores the intersections of mobilities and the environment.
This lecture is part of the Gerda Henkel Lecture Series, organized by GHI West, the Pacific Regional Office of the Germany Historical Institute, Washington DC, in cooperation with the Gerda Henkel Foundation. The program brings German historians to the West Coast where they present their research at up to four different universities with the goal to facilitate the general dialogue between German historians and their colleagues in the U.S. and Canadian west.
As part of CU Boulder's inaugural Research & Innovation Week, the Research & Innovation Office Faculty Fellows will give five-minute TED-style talks in the Gordon Gamm Theater, located at the Dairy Arts Center. Learn about the leading edge of research, scholarship and creative works from some of CU Boulder's most influential leaders, representing disciplines across the spectrum, including engineering, theatre, geology, education, chemistry and more.
IBS’s own Robin Bernstein is one of the many distinguished presenters, her topic is “Mothers talk to their babies through their milk.” Please congratulate Robin on being a RIO Faculty Fellow and also being asked to present at this event, come out to support her and the other researchers.
Title: The Political Consequences of Emergency Zones: Evidence from Turkey
Abstract: Are emergency zones effective counterinsurgency measures? In response to the Kurdish rebellion, the Turkish state put thirteen provinces under emergency rule (1987-2002). In this paper, we investigate the link between emergency rule and electoral support for the pro-insurgent party. First, using matching methods, we show that provinces put under emergency rule were more likely to vote for the pro-insurgent party. Second, using sub-province level data, we investigate which counterinsurgency practices worked as a mechanism to connect emergency rule to pro-insurgent vote. We find that detentions targeting civilians systematically shifted electoral preferences toward the pro-insurgent party. These results show that indiscriminate violence comes with unintended consequences for the counterinsurgent
Bio: Aysegul Aydin is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Colorado-Boulder. Her research focuses on the dynamics of political violence and civil wars. She is particularly interested in civil war processes and their transformative effect on societies. Aydin’s first book, Foreign Powers and Intervention in Armed Conflicts (Stanford University Press, 2012) examines the role of foreign direct investment and preferential trade agreements in motivating external states to intervene in armed conflicts. Her second book, Zones of Rebellion: Kurdish Rebels and the Turkish State (Cornell University Press, 2015), co-authored with Cem Emrence, presents an analytical account of violence in the Turkish civil war. Aydin’s articles appeared in the Journal of Politics, Journal of Conflict Resolution, European Journal of International Relations, among others
Title: Public health in Cuba: Health system characteristics that support health notwithstanding limited resources.
Abstract: Cuba is well known for implementing a health system that focuses on access to preventive and primary care services, including community-based interventions and using data to guide resource allocation. Even though the economic situation in Cuba significantly influences the level of available health resources, statistics provide evidence of many health system achievements. Much can be learned about the provision of public health services by studying Cuba’s health system and Cuba’s health work in other countries. This seminar will provide an overview of these topics.
Bio: Joan O’Connell is a Health Economist and Associate Professor in the Department of Community and Behavioral Health and in the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado. Her doctoral degree in economics and certificate in demography are from the University of Colorado. Dr. O’Connell teaches three global health classes; one addresses public health services in Cuba and in other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Her research focuses on economic issues related to preventing and treating chronic disease. While the majority of her research addresses the health of American Indian and Alaska Native populations, she also studies public health programs focused on oral health in the United States and in Cuba. She has published in journals that include the American Journal of Public Health, Medical Care, Health Economics, Health Affairs, Chronic Disease Prevention, Medical Decision Making, and the Journal of Public Health Dentistry. Her research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute.
Title: Area-level healthcare barriers and immigrant well-being.
Bio: Megan Reynolds is Assistant Professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Utah. Her interest in health is motivated by a view of health as an important measure of life chances that is influenced heavily by political, as well as social, factors. Drawing on theories of power relations, institutions, social policy, gender and immigration, Prof. Reynolds uses cross-sectional and longitudinal data within and across countries at both the individual and country levels to illuminate the processes whereby different social and political contexts affect health. Informed by writings in the areas of political sociology, medical sociology, work & labor, and stratification/inequality, Prof. Reynolds' work has been published in outlets like Social Forces, the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, and Social Science and Medicine.
The two-day workshop will bring together approximately 10 researchers and policy communicators to discuss, and move forward, research on this important intersection. We will spend much of the workshop brainstorming about knowledge gaps and beginning papers/proposals designed to fill those gaps. Contributors will include members of IUSSP’s Special Emphasis Panel on Climate, Migration and Health. For more information, please contact Lori.Hunter@colorado.edu.
The goals for the mini-conference are to provide a forum for presentation of innovative
research, provide space for small-group discussion around critical research themes, and offer
networking opportunities for scholars at all career stages.
There will be four "Flash Sessions" consisting of short presentations followed by conversation around nearby posters reflecting the research in the morning session, followed by smaller working groups.
Dr. Brian E. Tucker: President and Founder, GeoHazards International
Reflections on Efforts to Reduce Disaster Risk in Poor Countries:
Spanning the Kennedy and Trump Eras
GeoHazards International, a California-based nonprofit organization, was founded in 1991 in response to the large and rapidly growing natural hazards risk in developing countries compared to that in industrialized countries. Our mission is to stop death and suffering from earthquakes, tsunamis, and other natural hazards in the world’s most vulnerable, underserved communities, by working before disasters strike. Our motivation was, in a sense, a response to Kennedy’s inaugural call: “To those peoples in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves....” Our approach emphasizes preparation, sustainability, local capacity, and advocacy.
Over the last quarter century, GeoHazards International has applied this approach successfully in scores of communities around the world. During this same period, other organizations have joined our efforts and, even, a new UN organization was created to reduce exposure to natural hazards.
Despite these diverse efforts, disaster losses are increasing in poor countries and the human and economic toll is projected to continue to rise. If the world’s poorest countries are to develop unimpeded by disasters – to the benefit of all countries – several difficult changes are necessary. Investments in disaster preparedness and mitigation must be increased. The task of reducing risk must be viewed not as just an engineering and scientific challenge but also as a sociological, political, and psychological one. Recent decisions must be reversed, and financial and intellectual resources of industrialized countries must be recommitted to help poor countries.
Biography - Dr. Brian E. Tucker
Brian Tucker received a B.A. in Physics from Pomona College, a Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, and a Masters in Public Policy from Harvard University. He headed the Geologic Hazards Programs of the California Geological Survey from 1982 to1991. In 1991, he founded GeoHazards International, a nonprofit organization working to reduce the risk of natural hazards in the world’s most vulnerable communities through preparedness, mitigation, and advocacy. In 2000, he was honored for his service to the people of Nepal by the King of Nepal, and, in 2002, was named a MacArthur Fellow. In 2007, he received the U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation’s George Brown Award for International Science and Technology Cooperation and was elected a Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences. He was named one of UC San Diego’s 100 Influential Alumni and Pomona College’s Blaisdell Distinguished Alumni.
Dr. Douglas Seals, Distinguished Professor, Department of Integrative Physiology, CU Boulder
Maintaining optimal population function throughout the lifespan:
fertile collaborative space for physiologists and social-behavioral scientists
The changing age demographics of the U.S. provide opportunities for personal/family experiences and societal contributions for unprecedented numbers of late middle-aged and older adults. To fully capture these opportunities, however, it will be necessary to extend the healthspan (healthy life expectancy) of this rapidly growing cohort. This discussion will emphasize the important role of physiological function in determining population healthspan. We also will note other demographic factors that modulate physiological function throughout the lifespan, and discuss major research gaps in our current understanding of how population characteristics and behaviors influence function as we age. In doing so, we hope to reveal compelling collaborative research opportunities for physiologists and social and behavioral scientists.
Douglas Seals is a Professor of Integrative Physiology and Medicine at the University of Colorado. For 33 years, he has conducted research related to healthy aging, and much of his recent work has focused on prevention of adverse vascular aging and age-related cardiovascular diseases. Doug’s research is supported by grants from the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and for decades his laboratory has provided training in aging research to students and post-graduate scientists.
Dr. Kacper Gradon, Director of the Centre for Forensic & Investigative Sciences (University of Warsaw)
Dr. Kacper Gradon is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Warsaw and the Director of the Centre for Forensic & Investigative Sciences (University of Warsaw). He is also an Associate Visiting Professor at UCL Department of Security and Crime Science (since 2010) as well as the University College London Honorary Senior Research Associate.
Both his Masters (2000) and Doctoral (2008, Magna cum Laude) dissertations address the issues of multiple homicide, crime prevention, criminal analysis and offender profiling. He has over 14 years of experience in research projects and teaching related to Homicide Investigation, Crime Scene Analysis, Forensic & Investigative Sciences and Criminology that he gained in Poland, UK, Canada and the USA. He has spoken at over 90 academic and Police conferences and seminars across Europe and North America.
Dr. Gradon worked for 3 years at the General Headquarters of the Polish National Police, where he participated in the creation of the Criminal Analysis and Criminal Intelligence Units. He also completed the London Metropolitan Police Specialist Operations Training of Hostage Negotiations, as well as several other Police courses in preventing and combating crime, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Dutch Police, Guardia di Finanza, Bundeskriminalamt, Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
FP7 PRIME was a 3-year long (2014-2017) EU-funded project aimed to improve the understanding of lone actor terrorism and to inform the design of social and physical counter-measures for the prevention of lone-actor radicalization, the disruption of lone-actor terrorist plots and the mitigation of terrorist attacks carried out by lone extremists. PRIME research consortium (University College London, Kings College London, University of Warsaw, University of Leiden, Aarhus University and Hebrew University of Jerusalem) cooperated closely with subject matter experts and with counter-terrorism and counter-extremism merit.
The presentation will focus on the most practical observations and conclusions drawn by the PRIME team responsible for the analysis of existing and potential countermeasures against violent extremism and terrorism. University of Warsaw scholars interviewed and consulted over 130 frontline practitioners representing law-enforcement agencies and intelligence services from Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, India, Georgia and Israel, gathering first-hand data on the operational constraints and limitations affecting the effectiveness of counter-terrorism operations, and preparing the comprehensive set of countermeasures that can be practically applied to disrupt extremist plots at all three stages of the PRIME-designed “RAPA” model (Radicalization – Attack Preparation – Attack).
The speaker will cover the PRIME recommendations presented to the European Commission and will go beyond the state of the art, describing the approaches both to the newly adapted "analogue" terrorist MOs (such as run-over attacks, arsons and stabbings - strategies endorsed both by ISIS and AQ), and to the digital frontiers of threats, analyzing the challenges that they pose to law-enforcement and security services.
Dr. Larry Hedges, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University
Replication is a fundamental aspect of the scientific method and is central to the practice of science. Yet recent empirical research has called into question the replicability of experimental research which undermines the credibility of science and the evidence science provides. There has been little research on the methodology of replication itself, including the design of replication studies and appropriate statistical analyses to determine whether a set of studies replicate one another. This talk will draw on a meta-analytic perspective to formalize ideas about the definition of replication and the analysis of replication studies.
Sponsored By: Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development, Problem Behavior and Positive Youth Development Program, Health and Society Program, School of Education at the University of Colorado Boulder
IBS is committed to advancing knowledge of society's most pressing challenges, and to pursuing solutions to those challenges through innovative and interdisciplinary research, education, and engagement in the world.