Title: Lessons from 2017 Hurricane Season in Dominica and Puerto Rico: an approach from Zero Order Responders (ZORs)
Abstract: The Hurricane Maria has left experiences to identify for developing better preparedness, response and recovery programs for future hazards; these include the understanding about how the affected people, the initial and final responders, face the emergency and recovery. A year after Hurricane Maria devastated Dominica and Puerto Rico; we did a field trip in both islands to document with the affected people testimonies of their actions to cope and survive during the emergency and the following months. Those conversations highlight that disasters are long-term social process and not just a temporary weather-related event. In other hand, more than just victims, the affected people should be considered as active actors in the prevention, response and recovery processes. In the case of Puerto Rico, some of the spontaneous actions that people developed in their communities could be taken as baseline for formal preparedness for disaster risk programs. Our approach, by the notion of Zero Order Responders or, ZORs (Briones, Vachon and Glantz, 2019) reflect people’s creativity for deal with immediate needs through social cohesion and resourcefulness. However, it also shows that recovery happens under specific contexts. In the case of Dominica, where the affected people (displaced into shelters) are still facing the consequences, the recovery “window” is getting closed; instead looking for coping mechanisms for recovery, they are dealing with an increase of their poverty conditions, feeding the social vulnerability circle.
Bio: Fernando Briones holds a PhD in social anthropology from the School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales), Paris, France. Currently, he is a research associate at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research (CSTPR/CIRES) at the University of Colorado, Boulder. In Mexico, his native country, Fernando has been a researcher at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies in Social Anthropology and a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the National Civil Protection; alongside this, he is a consultant, collaborator, and lecturer of international organizations. Briones’ work focuses on disaster risk reduction, the social impacts of disasters, the understanding of vulnerability, resilience, and the society-climate interface. Additionally, he considers photography as a straightforward and powerful way to document fieldwork. His research has developed primarily in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Central America, and the Caribbean.
Abstract: From 1965 through 1985 Mexico-U.S. migration was characterized by a stable, overwhelmingly circular flow of mostly male undocumented migrants moving back and forth across the border for periods of work in the United States. After 1986 this pattern of circularity progressively gave way to settlement and the volume of undocumented entry steadily declined owing to population aging in Mexico. Around the year 2000, entries by legal temporary workers began to climb rapidly, and when the net volume of undocumented migration turned negative after 2007, they climbed further still. At present what had been a stable system of circular undocumented migration has been replaced by a new and growing system based on the circulation of documented laborers. We demonstrate this transformation using both official statistics and data from the Mexican Migration Project (MMP). We then draw on prior theoretical and empirical research to develop a conceptual model that describes the new system and confirm its tenets by using MMP data to estimate multinomial event history models to predict first and later departures from Mexico in four legal status categories. Results suggest that migration-specific human and social capital tends to be specific to particular modes of entry, and given this fact the circular migration of temporary legal workers is likely to move forward in a path-dependent fashion while undocumented migration continues to wither.
Bio: Josh is an NSF-funded research fellow at Princeton University’s Office of Population Research and an academic year visiting scholar in sociology at Harvard University. As a social demographer, his scholarly interests lie at the intersection of social stratification, international migration and immigrant incorporation, and health. Josh is currently engaged in three lines of research. His first project investigates the shift in Mexico-U.S. migration from primarily unauthorized entry toward a system dominated by legal temporary workers. In a second project, Josh is developing a new method to estimate lifetime effects of migration on individual and household outcomes. In his third project, Josh draws on survey data and more than eight years of fieldwork to investigate the social and economic reintegration of Mexican migrants who have returned to their origin communities. More information about Josh’s research can be found at his personal website.
Title: Unintended Consequences of Immigration Enforcement: Personal Services and High-Skilled Women's Work
Abstract: We examine the spillover effects of immigration enforcement policies on the labor supply of high-skilled citizen women. Immigrants disproportionately work in personal services; therefore, enforcement may increase the cost of outsourcing household production. Exploiting the staggered rollout of Secure Communities (SC), a national enforcement policy that led to over 450,000 deportations, we estimate a difference-in-differences model with time and location fixed effects. We find that SC reduced the labor supply of college-educated citizen women, particularly women with young children. Moreover, SC increased wages in the personal services sector, suggesting that increased costs of outsourcing household production is an important mechanism.
Bio: Andrea Velasquez is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Colorado Denver. She holds a Ph.D. and MA degree in Economics from Duke University. At Duke she was part of the team that designed and implemented the third wave of the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS). The MxFLS is the first large-scale population-representative longitudinal study that has successfully tracked international migrants in multiple follow-up surveys. Exploiting her knowledge of the MxFLS data, her work has examined the consequences of attrition in longitudinal surveys, as well as, the determinants and decision-making of families that traverse the international border. Another focus of her work has been studying the hidden costs to society of unanticipated shocks in the socioeconomic environment. For example, her work has explored how the labor market behavior, risk attitudes, and human capital accumulation of Mexicans was altered by exposure to the unprecedented surge in violent crime in Mexico, caused by President Calderon’s “War on Drugs”. Her work has additionally investigated the effects of U.S. immigration policies on the labor market outcomes of U.S. citizens. Combining data on the timing and location of immigration enforcement policies, with data on labor supply, her work has found that enforcement policies have lead to significant declines in the employment of high-skilled native workers.
Title: The Wildfire Research (WiRē) Team: Collaboration in support of evidence-based programs.
Abstract: In this talk, I will describe the collaborative work of the Wildfire Research (WiRē) Team. Our approach unites research and practice, collecting and using community-specific data to tailor programs that support local solutions, allowing communities to get in front of the wildfire problem. I will describe our approach, research highlights, and highlights from the field.
Bio: Hannah Brenkert-Smith is an environmental sociologist with the Institute of Behavioral Science. Her current projects include exploring emergent understandings of fire adaptation across stakeholders; examining conflicting understandings of pathways to forest resilience; and identifying social determinants shaping expectations and acceptability of wildfire and fuel management. Hannah earned her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Brenkert-Smith was an Environmental Protection Agency Science to Achieve Results (STAR) fellow, a science and technology policy fellow at the National Academy of Sciences, and a postdoctoral fellow in the Climate Science and Applications Program at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. She is a founding member of the Wildfire Research (WiRē) Team and serves on the Advisory Board for the Wildfire Research (WiRē) Center, a 510c3 nonprofit organization committed to supporting evidence-based decision-making in the management of wildland fire hazards
Title: Prevention of Youth Problem Behaviors: Developmental Context, Risk & Protective Factors, and Implications for Intervention
Abstract: Youth problem behaviors (e.g., aggression, conduct problems, depression, substance abuse, academic failure) are costly for individuals, families, and communities, yet many of these problems are preventable. In this talk, I will first give a summary of my research background as a developmental psychologist and prevention scientist, including both my basic and applied intervention work to prevent or reduce externalizing behaviors and substance use. Second, I will describe some of my current, collaborative research at the Institute of Behavioral Science. For example, I will provide an empirical illustration of how we can use family risk and protective factors for adolescent daily smoking to inform the timing of preventive interventions. Additionally, I will describe some current work with the Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development project team, which focuses on methodological design and analysis recommendations for preventive interventions. Lastly, I will conclude with my future research directions, including current grant proposals under review and in development. These proposals are focused on cannabis measurement improvement, mechanisms accounting for health disparities in tobacco use from adolescence to adulthood, testing a parenting intervention for parents who use marijuana, and a large-scale efficacy trial of LifeSkills Training for prevention of substance use among Colorado high school students.
Bio: Christine Steeger, Ph.D., is a Research Associate in the Problem Behavior and Positive Youth Development Program at the Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder. In 2013, she received her doctoral degree in Developmental Psychology from the University of Notre Dame. She then completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Prevention and Community Research. Prior to joining the Institute of Behavioral Science, Christine was a Research Scientist with the Social Development Research Group at the University of Washington. Her training and expertise are in prevention science, developmental psychopathology, parenting, etiology of youth problem behaviors, and individual- and family-based interventions. Her methodological expertise includes longitudinal data analysis and designing, implementing, and evaluating preventive interventions. She has experience conducting a randomized controlled trial of a combined cognitive and parent training intervention for adolescents with ADHD and their mothers, which is published in Child Neuropsychology. Christine currently works on the Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development preventive intervention registry project team. Her other current research interests include cannabis potency and measurement. She is an active member of the Society for Prevention Research and joined the Early Career Preventionist Network Steering Committee in 2018.
Organized by CU Population Center, Earth Lab, IUSSP Panel on Migration-Climate-Health
Climate change is influencing human migration patterns, while also impacting human health. Innovations in the integration of social and ecological data are essential to move forward these critical research frontiers, as well as to investigate other human dimensions of global environmental change. This conference will move forward understanding of successes, challenges and the potential of social and ecological data integration. Participation by both social and natural scientists is essential in this endeavor.
Since 2008, an average of 26.4 million people per year have been displaced from their homes by natural disasters -- an estimated one person every second.1 Recent IPCC reports suggest some extreme events will become more intense as global temperatures warm.2 Human movement in response to climate extremes have critically important implications for human health in both sending and receiving regions as new health challenges emerge and health systems are increasingly taxed. Climate change also has documented impacts, itself, on human health such as increased heat-related deaths.
During this 2-day conference, Day 1 will open with inspirational speakers reviewing innovations, challenges and needs in socio-ecological data integration with a focus on climate change as related to migration and human health. Afternoon research panels and a poster reception will provide important empirical examples. Day 2 will build on this foundational knowledge in topically-focused working groups aimed to set research agendas, build collaborations, and/or work toward high-impact scientific publications.
Applications are required to ensure adequate space and to identify key thematic areas for working groups. Limited funds are available to support travel expenses. In your submission, please include your CV and describe your interest in the conference including its relation to your research agenda or interests. If interested in presenting your research, please also include an extended abstract. Also please note if funding is required. Participants and presenters will be selected based on research alignment with conference objectives, quality of abstract. Attention will also be paid to maintaining a diversity of representation by discipline, geography, career stage and socio-demographics.
Submit materials by March 18th, decisions will be made by March 22nd.
This conference is supported and organized by the University of Colorado Population Center, the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, as well as CU Boulder’s Institute of Behavioral Science, Grand Challenge and Earth Lab. The conference is also supported by Grant 5R13HD078101‐03 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and has benefited from the NICHD‐funded University of Colorado Population Center (Project 2P2CHD066613-06) for research, administrative and computing support. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services; nor does mention by trade names, commercial practices or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government
Title: Scaling up Evidence-Based Programs in Community Settings: Balancing Fidelity and Real-World “Adjustments” to Model Implementation
Abstract: Program developers must provide additional information to help facilitators make appropriate modifications to cultural contexts and social trends. However, modifications cannot interfere with effectiveness. In this talk, Dr. McBride Murry will discuss how to maintain fidelity to theoretical foundations and core components while modifying experimentally-proven programs to meet participants’ needs.
Bio: Dr. McBride Murry has conducted research on African-American parents and youth for over a decade and identified proximal, malleable protective factors that deter emotional problems and risk engagement in youth. Using this information, she designed and implemented a randomized control trial (RCT), family-based preventive intervention program, the Strong African American Families Program, that has demonstrated efficacy in dissuading youth from engaging in health compromising behaviors. More recently, she completed a 3-arm RCT of the Pathways for African American Success program, which is the first developmentally and culturally tailored technology-based program developed specifically for African American families. Professor McBride Murry’s overarching goal is to disseminate her experimentally proven programs (EPPs) for uptake in community-based organizations, schools, primary health care settings and faith-based organizations, and examine their efficacy in real-world settings.
At CU Boulder, Dr. McBride Murry serves on the Advisory Board of Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development, a globally-recognized online registry of EPPs.
Center for Resilience and Wellbeing in Schools Team will lead this three-day training offered to State and District partners throughout the Rocky Mountain Region
During this three-day training, school-based, district-based and state-level mental health professionals will build an understanding of the prevalence and impact of trauma in schools and the pathways to resilience that can be fostered in schools. This training focuses on four areas: designing intentional environments to proactively plan for safe, supportive achievement-oriented schools; building skillful interactions that support students’ social and emotional development and adult-youth relationships; understanding and using practices that support adult wellbeing and resilience; and deepening understanding of culturally responsive practices.
Title: Evaluation of a Sexual Health Training For Child Welfare Workers in Colorado:
Abstract: Elevated rates of early pregnancy among youth in foster care are well documented. For youth in foster care, traditional systems of prevention may be problematic, as they often experience disruptions in relationships with their schools, families, and communities. This quasi-experimental study evaluated whether a sexual health training impacts Colorado child welfare workers’ knowledge, attitudes, and communication with youth in foster care regarding reproductive and sexual health topics.
Vice Provost for International Affairs
Interim Director, Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies
Robert A. and Ruth E. Polson Professor of Global Development
Abstract: In 2010, political leaders of three countries—Brazil, Japan, and Mozambique—announced an ambitious trilateral collaboration intended to re-make the Mozambican savannah. Political and business leaders hailed ProSavana as an innovative project that would apply Brazil’s success in agricultural modernization to one of the poorest countries in the world. Drawing on interviews with project personnel and agricultural research scientists in Mozambique as well as on archival material from the colonial period, I examine two different parallels: the first between Mozambique and Brazil, the second between colonial and post-colonial Mozambique.
Wendy Wolford is the Vice Provost for International Affairs at Cornell University and is a Sociology professor. She is also the Interim Director of the Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies and the Robert A. and Ruth E. Polson Professor of Global Development. Her work addresses issues within and between the political economy of development, agrarian studies, social mobilization, land reform, and political ecologies of conservation.
In recognition of the 20th anniversary of the Columbine High School shootings, this event will explore what we have learned about preventing school violence since the Columbine tragedy, what questions remain and – perhaps most importantly – what is preventing us from implementing what we have learned to end these tragedies?
Designed for scientists, school leaders, public health professionals, community members, public safety professionals, and decisionmakers, this symposium will provide knowledge and tools to help us work together to advance violence prevention using a public health approach.
Presented by the Center for Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, the Colorado School of Public Health and its Program for Injury Prevention, Education & Research (PIPER), and the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence at CU Boulder. Questions? Contact Ethics.CSPH@ucdenver.edu.
Sponsored By: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence,
Center for Bioethics & Humanities at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, the Colorado School of Public Health and its Program for Injury Prevention, Education & Research (PIPER)
Title: Agency, Agents, and Flows at the Rural-Urban Interface in Changing Amazonia: A Grounded Complex System Perspective
Abstract: During the past 50 years, the Amazon has experienced the co-evolution of central development planning, conservation agendas, global market forces, as well as local social movements, demographic changes, local innovations, and changing expectations of rural and urban populations. Building upon longitudinal research carried out in the region during the past several decades, I propose an interpretation of regional transformation from a ‘grounded complex system perspective’.
The interplay of regional-level changes and the transformation created by local agents is discussed, on the one hand, from the perspective of changing regional infrastructure, governance arrangements, and climate and environment, and on the other hand, from the ground-up, i.e., focusing on the responses and contributions of households and communities to shape the direction of change and the future of the region as a whole. I will pay particular attention to the mechanisms connecting household decisions in rural and urban areas, to changing infrastructure, commodity markets, and forms of mobility. I will then reflect briefly on the challenges of governance and sustainability posed by these changes.
Bio: Dr. Brondizio is a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for the Analysis of Social-Ecological Landscapes at the University of Indiana, Bloomington. He is also Co-Chair, Global Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (2016-2019).
IBS is committed to advancing knowledge of society's most pressing challenges, and to pursuing solutions to those challenges through innovative and interdisciplinary research, education, and engagement in the world.