Abstract: Profits from illicit activities percolate into the official sector via a variety of channels. We exploit international regulations targeting money laundering via the financial sector to identify the flows of “dirty money” into legitimate establishments: business-based money laundering. We formalize the general equilibrium implications of anti-money laundering (AML) regulations in a model where a drug cartel launders money via a financial channel or by paying the fixed cost of initiating a legitimate business. We use a research-design approach that links US county activity to AML-regulations in offshore jurisdictions to provide first empirical evidence of the phenomenon (Joint paper with Keith E. Maskus and Anna Rubinchik).
Bio: Alessandro Peri's research focuses on two main areas. One on side, it investigates the effect of changes in the law on the macroeconomy. His main area of expertise is the phenomenon of corporate default with a particular focus on the macroeconomic consequence of changes in the corporate bankruptcy law. Most recently, he has been studying the general equilibrium implications of changes in anti-money laundering policy. On the other side, it focuses on computational economics. He is the first to propose a hardware approach to solve economic models using FPGA technology. The ultimate goal is to create a new field of computational economics at the intersection between economics and engineering by introducing the use of application-specific chips for accelerating the solution of economists’ algorithm.
CU Boulder is proud to host Hostile Terrain 94, a global participatory art project in collaboration with the Undocumented Migration Project. Our Boulder rendition of this exhibit seeks to memorialize migrants who have died crossing the US/Mexico border and start productive conversations about undocumented migration and the state of Colorado.
The installation, created by anthropologist Jason De León, photographer Michael Wells and artist Lucy Cahill, consists of 3,200 toe tags to be filled out by volunteers in advance of the exhibit. The tags represent the geolocated remains of people who have died in the Sonoran desert while crossing from Mexico into the United States.
Our team is offering opportunities to participate in this exhibit by filling out tags memorializing individuals who have died in the Sonoran desert. The workshops are facilitated by our team (Bertha Alicia Bermúdez Tapia, Carole McGranahan and Arielle Milkman) and discuss undocumented migration and the U.S. policy Prevention through Deterrence, migration in the state of Colorado and evaluation of attempts to use art and research to achieve memorialization and community reflection.
After we have filled out the tags, we plan to make the full project available in Boulder. The date and time of the full exhibition are under discussion as we adapt to campus and city Covid-19 restrictions.
Abstract: Wildfire organizations and government agencies increasingly seek to influence household behavior to reduce wildfire risk. Yet it is unclear how to capture homeowners’ attention and engage them in wildfire programs. Meanwhile, photos of flames and charred landscapes are commonly used in mainstream media to depict wildfire. A large body of evidence supports the power of imagery in influencing emotions, judgement and behavior. The present research asks whether such imagery could be an effective tool for wildfire programs. We conducted a pre-registered field experiment in a wildfire-prone city in the American West. Property owners in Ashland, Oregon (N = 5800) were mailed a postcard from the local fire department describing their properties’ wildfire risk and directing them to visit a personalized website to learn more. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive one of two versions of the postcard, which varied by the image on the front: either a photo of a burning house or a sunny photo of the local city. To contextualize the results of the field experiment, we surveyed wildfire practitioners (N = 133) and asked them to predict which photo would be more effective in engaging homeowners. Evidence on how to communicate risk, and whether people respond to different imagery about those risks, will aid in the design of more effective materials to better serve homeowners and the public interest in areas at risk from natural disasters.
Bio: Hilary Byerly is a postdoctoral research associate at the Institute of Behavioral Sciences. She is a behavioral economist who studies how people manage the natural environment, especially providing public benefits, like biodiversity and risk mitigation, from private lands. She uses insights from the decision sciences to inform more effective programs and policies. Her current research includes running field experiments with wildfire organizations to test behaviorally informed strategies for engaging households to reduce their wildfire risk. Hilary holds a Ph.D. in Natural Resources from the University of Vermont, a M.S. in Applied Economics from Cornell University, and a B.A. in Environmental Studies and International Affairs from the University of Colorado, Boulder.
Friday, February 12th 2:00 pm - 3:30 pm, Once you have registered, you will receive the Zoom information and password for the class.
Do you have panel data and a desire to model change over time? In this workshop, we will be providing an introductory overview of longitudinal modeling with multilevel models. In addition to a discussion of the models themselves, we will be discussing the structure of longitudinal data and the different ways in which we can address time in the models. We will work through a simple example in Stata using the mixed command (formerly known as xtmixed).
Abstract: Research over the past 60 years has extensively studied how individuals respond to risk information and how they act on this information to take protective actions. While this research has provided a number of important insights, it was largely done in the context of traditional media where singular messages, dispersed by a few central providers on a limited number of platforms, dominated. Today’s infosphere – the entirety of the information environment constituted of all information entities and their interactions – is more complex and interconnected. It is more digital, more mobile, and more platform-dominated. It exposes people to disinformation and increases the potential for more political polarization and social inequality in information use. Yet, we do not know how these unprecedented changes may influence how people access, interpret, and act upon information, including critical information related to hazards and disasters. Join Dr. Ross in exploring how we may approach examination of the impact of today’s infosphere on disaster readiness and response.
Bio:Ashley D. Ross is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Sciences at Texas A&M University at Galveston. A political scientist by training, her research explores hazard and disaster issues from a sociopolitical perspective. Her book Local Disaster Resilience: Administrative and Political Perspectives (Routledge, 2013) analyzed disaster resilience related to Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill among U.S. Gulf Coast counties. Much of her research examines public perceptions related to hazard governance, including climate change and hazard mitigation. Some of this work considers how identity, race and ethnic as well as generational, influences attitudes towards climate change. Her current research explores how these identities as well as trust in science is associated with disparities in disaster information access, use, and interpretation.
Abstract: In 2014, Flint, Michigan switched its municipal water source from Lake Huron to the Flint River as a cost saving measure. The corrosive river water was improperly treated, causing lead from aging pipes to leach into the city’s drinking water. As a result of prolonged denial and inaction by public officials, Flint’s 100,000 citizens were exposed to contaminated water for over a year and a half. The majority black, industrial city has since become a national symbol for government negligence and racial injustice. We use synthetic control and difference-in-differences methods to quantify the educational consequences of the Flint Water Crisis for affected children. By combining sixteen years of student-level education records with detailed GIS plumbing data, we separate out (1) the health-based effects of lead exposure from (2) the socially-based effects of living in a community experiencing a crisis. Our results demonstrate that, for school-age children, the social effects of the Flint Water Crisis, potentially operating through mechanisms such as stigma, marginalization, and social unrest, were large compared to the health effects.
Bio: My name is Sam Trejo—I am a quantitative social scientist interested in how social and biological factors combine to shape human development and the potential implications for public policy. I specialize in quasi-experimental, biosocial, and computational methods and am particularly interested in the reciprocal relationship between education and health across the life-course. My work capitalizes on two data sources that, until relatively recently, were unavailable to researchers: (1) large administrative datasets and (2) longitudinal studies containing molecular genetic data.
Last year, I wrote an op-ed about how my experiences with nerve damage and chronic pain led me to donate a kidney to a stranger. When not puzzling over human behavior, I enjoy camping, riding bikes, playing board games, and eating Chinese food. https://www.samtrejo.com/
2nd Richard Jessor Distinguished Lecture on Health and Society
The Richard Jessor Distinguished Lecture on Health and Society is a biennial event which recognizes the enormous contribution that Dr. Richard Jessor has made to research to advance understanding of the social, economic, psychological, and behavioral determinants of health, with a special focus on social and economic disparities in health in the United States and across the developing world. Dr. Jessor is one of the founders of the Institute of Behavioral Science, a former Director of IBS, and the founder of the Health and Society Program at IBS. The Institute is delighted to invite distinguished speakers for this biannual lecture series.
Title: Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: Assessing the Effectiveness of Juvenile Justice System Interventions.
Abstract: There is growing critical commentary and debate about the relative effectiveness of individual program and generic practice approaches to identifying evidence-based prevention interventions and their impact on the operation of the juvenile justice system. The central issue is whether both of these approaches to identifying evidence-based interventions provide a valid and reliable guide to improving juvenile justice programming and, if so, what are the relative advantages and disadvantages of each? From a public policy perspective, should we be investing more heavily in one or the other, or treating them as effective complementary approaches and encourage both? Each of these questions is addressed with suggestions for improving the effectiveness of each approach.
Bio: Dr. Elliott is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Sociology, research professor in the Institute of Behavioral Science and founding director of the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence. He directed a series of major longitudinal studies and published seven books on violence and delinquency. He was the senior science editor in 2001 of Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General and was presented the Public Health Service Medallion for Distinguished Service by David Satcher, MD, PhD, U.S. Surgeon General in 2001.
Abstract: Do you need to code interviews? Are you tired of using Google Sheets to share your coding with a group of people? Have you tried MAXQDA? MAXQDA is a highly regarded qualitative analysis package that allows groups of people to share their coding work. IBS members and their students can use our copy of MAXQDA Pro for free. Come to this class and learn more about how MAXQDA can help you with your coding.
Bio: I am a Professor and Vice-Chair in the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Riverside. My research focuses on how the political environment shapes public opinion and political behavior. I received my PhD in political science from Duke University. Prior to joining the University of California, Riverside, I served as Assistant Professor (2003-2009) and then Associate Professor of Political Science (2009-2015) at Claremont Graduate University.
I am co-author of Democracy at Risk: How Terrorist Threats Affect the Public, published with the University of Chicago Press (2009), and Framing Immigrants: News Coverage, Public Opinion and Policy, published with the Russell Sage Foundation (2016). I am also co-editor of The Hillary Effect: Perspectives on Clinton’s Legacy (2020). My work has also appeared in journals such as Comparative Political Studies, Electoral Studies, the Journal of Politics, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Perspectives on Politics, PNAS, Political Behavior, Political Research Quarterly, and Political Psychology. I have received support for some of this research from the National Science Foundation, the Russell Sage Foundation, and Time Sharing Experiments in the Social Sciences.
I am director of the UCR Gender and Politics Lab, and served as field editor of American Political Behavior for the Journal of Politics from January, 2015-January, 2019.
Abstract: This book project examines how the wartime experiences of civil society leaders affect post-conflict democratization. Although international donors funnel millions of dollars in aid to local civic organizations in conflict-affected countries with the goal of facilitating democracy and development, neither scholars nor policymakers fundamentally understand the leaders of those organizations. Relatively little is known about attitudes and behaviors held by civil society leaders, who are critical actors in post-conflict democratization, towards political empowerment or resource distribution. Employing lab-in-the-field experiments, surveys, in-depth interviews, and focus groups in post-war Côte d’Ivoire, I show that living under rebel control affects civil society leader behavior, shaping who starts organizations, what kinds of work they do, how they are perceived by local constituents, and how they conduct democracy and development projects in the future. These findings have implications for post-conflict democratization by raising questions about the wisdom of relying on war-traumatized civic leaders to facilitate the growth of democratic culture.
Bio: Justine Maisha Davis is an LSA Collegiate Fellow in the Department of Afroamerican and African Studies (DAAS) at the University of Michigan, where she will be an Assistant Professor of Afroamerican and African Studies and Political Science starting in the fall of 2022. She holds a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, was a UC presidential postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Diego, and holds a master’s degree from the American University of Paris. Her research interests include electoral violence, civil society, and the challenges to democratization efforts in post-conflict settings and weakly institutionalized democracies. Her dissertation, “Wartime Experiences of Civic Leaders: Legacies of Civil War, Rebel Control, and Democratization in Post-Conflict Africa,” won the Western Political Science Association best dissertation award in 2020. She also won the Ralph Bunche Best Graduate Student Paper in 2018 Award from the African Politics Conference Group, an organized section of the American Political Science Association and the African Studies Association. Her research has been published in African Affairs, Party Politics, and the South African Geographical Journal.
Abstract: This presentation considers the evolution of environmental justice studies as a field concerned primarily with the intersection of social inequalities and ecological risks. Drawing on the concept of “critical environmental justice studies,” I present cases from research on struggles for environmental justice in prisons and jails across multiple scales, including the body, communities, populations, and nations. I draw on evidence from historical and contemporary cases to illustrate the importance of understanding how multiple categories of difference (race, gender, class, sexuality, ability, species) are entangled in both the production of environmental inequalities and in the possibilities for realizing imaginative forms of environmental and climate justice.
Bio: Professor David N. Pellow is the Dehlsen and Department Chair of Environmental Studies and Director of the Global Environmental Justice Project at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he teaches courses on environmental and social justice, race/class/gender and environmental conflict, human-animal conflicts, sustainability, and social change movements that confront our socioenvironmental crises and social inequality. He has volunteered for and served on the Boards of Directors of several community-based, national, and international organizations that are dedicated to improving the living and working environments for people of color, immigrants, indigenous peoples, and working class communities, including the Global Action Research Center, the Center for Urban Transformation, the Santa Clara Center for Occupational Safety and Health, Global Response, Greenpeace USA, and International Rivers.
Abstract: Interactions happen often in daily life, yet we often ignore or misinterpret them in our statistical models. For example, if you are studying age, income and gender in some population, have you considered that the age vs. income curve is often different for women and men. Statistically, we would say that age, income and gender interact. If you only include age, income and gender in the model, omitting the interaction, you may reduce the p-values for your model. Come to this class to learn how to use and interpret interactions in Stata.
Bio: Associate Professor Courtney D. Cogburn employs a transdisciplinary research strategy to improve the characterization and measurement of racism and in examining the role of racism in the production of racial inequities in health. She is also conducting research exploring the use of emerging technologies, including computational social science to examine patterns and psychosocial effects of cultural racism and how virtual reality experiences can lead to changes in attitudes, social perception and engagement (empathy, racial bias, structural competence and behavior). Dr. Cogburn is the lead creator of 1000 Cut Journey, an immersive virtual reality racism experience that was developed in collaboration with the Virtual Human Interaction Lab at Stanford University and which premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival in 2018. She is on the faculty of the Columbia Population Research Center and a core member of the Data Science Institute where she also co-chairs the Computational Social Science working group. Dr. Cogburn is also a faculty affiliate of the Center on African American Politics and Society. She directs the Cogburn Research Group and co-directs the Justice Equity + Tech (JE+T) Laboratory at Columbia University. Dr. Cogburn completed postdoctoral training at Harvard University in the Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholar Program and at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. She received her Ph.D. in Education and Psychology, and MSW from the University of Michigan and her BA in Psychology from the University of Virginia. She is also a board member of the International Center Advocates Against Discrimination.
Bio: José Lobo is in the faculty of the School of Sustainability in the College of Global Futures at Arizona State University. Trained in physics and urban economics, he is interested in the relationship between urbanization and socioeconomic development throughout history , and the determinants of urban economic performance. Jose is also interested in the relationship between location-specific characteristics and invention, and what makes some communities more inventive than others. Other research interests of his include the transition from the Hunter/Gatherer lifestyle to sedentarianism and identifying the underlying social process common to all processes of urbanization.
Center for Collaborative Synthesis in Archaeology
Thursday, January 7th 2:00 pm - 4:00 pm, Zoom log in information TBD
Abstract: Government agencies are currently offering more job opportunities for recent graduates, and many of those opportunities require some knowledge of SAS. Get familiar with SAS in our 2-hour interactive workshop. We will be reproducing COVID-19 excess death estimates using publicly available National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) data to walk through the layout of SAS Studio, explore the structure of the SAS scripting language, and cover some common commands. Data, scripts, and results will be provided to all class members. Course materials (including the class link for SAS OnDemand) will be emailed to class participants one day before the class.
Registration: Email Kas McLean at firstname.lastname@example.org to register for this workshop
The Population Association of America is hosting a panel session entitled "PAA Presidential Address Topics: Where Are They Now?," featuring four past PAA Presidents, including our own Distinguished Professor of Sociology, Jane Menken. The panel also features four demography PhD students as discussants, including CU Sociology PhD student Andrea Tilstra. We hope to see many of you there (virtually!) on Tuesday, December 8 from 10-11:30 (MST). For more info on the panel, including how to register, please visit this link to the PAA website.
Abstract: The first incidence of domestic terrorism in Michigan happned on a sunny May day in 1927 in Bath Township (located 12 miles north of Lansing). 38 elementary school-aged children and 6 adults were killed and 58 others were injured. Learn about the school board treasurer’s horrific crime against a community he believed had wronged him, and how the community coped with the aftermath of this destructive act.
Bio: George Robson is the son of two of the students who survived the Bath Schoolhouse Disaster. His mother was a sophomore and his father was the senior class president. George has researched the history of the incident extensively and will present a photographic remembrance and history of this event.
Abstract: This presentation focus on some extralegal and space-based forms of resistance against police terror within Latin American geographies of antiblackness. It is a relational analysis of marginal and insurgent black political life to face enduring forms of racial domination in Cali/Colombia and São Paulo/Brazil. If the space of civil society is unable to make black suffering legible and to redress racial injury, how should black resistance look like in these spatialities of antiblackness? Based on long-term ethnographic research, we will explore three related issues: a) the programs of spatial discipline aimed to curb gang violence, such as community police, evangelical crusades, and NGO's pedagogical initiatives; b) the mythologies around "cops' fragility" and the spatial praxis of black young men engaged in retaliatory violence against the police; and c) the alternative spatialities that emerge from such territorial contest. I ask: how might a focus on gang violence as insurgent politics change/expand our understanding of urban politics of resistance (usually framed through the law-abiding lenses of "the right to the city")? How is everyday life reinvented within the margins of an anti-black city? How can we ethically respond to police terror when "terror" is part of the very constitution of citizenship and its regime of rights?
Bio: Jaime Amparo Alves teaches Black Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His is the author of The Anti-Black City: Police Terror and Black Urban Life in Brazil (U of Minnesota press, 2018). His current research focuses on racialized geographies of policing, black ungovernability and urban security politics in Colombia.
Abstract: Many people are now familiar with the 1918 ﬂu -- the last pandemic on the scale of the current crisis -- which ultimately killed perhaps 50 million people worldwide. Fewer know that white mortality during the 1918 pandemic was less than Black mortality nearly every year, as late as the 1930s. The same pattern is likely to hold during the COVID-19 pandemic: my demographic models show that, unless at least 400,000 excess white deaths occur, white mortality in 2020 will still be less than Black mortality has ever been. I explore the disjuncture between the actions undertaken to ﬁght COVID and the actions *not* undertaken to ﬁght racism, and argue for health-based reparations for racism in the United States.
Bio: I am a formal demographer and a sociologist. My work integrates demographic methods, designed to shift perspectives between population-level patterns and individual-level transitions between social statuses, with a sociological approach to the study of inequality, in which multiple dimensions of stratification interact in specific settings.
My dissertation concerns mortality selection: disadvantaged members of a cohort tend to die at the youngest ages, leading cohorts to be increasingly selected for social advantages as they age. I use formal, statistical, and simulation analysis to reveal new challenges in recovering information about inequality in the presence of such selection. My work explores how demographic theory can be revised to incorporate more substantively realistic models of heterogeneity and inequality within populations.
My work brings formal demographic techniques to the sociology of inequality and sociologically informed concerns about hidden dimensions of racial inequality to formal demography
Abstract: Why do states promote conspiracy theories? Previous scholarship has largely focused on the demand for conspiracy theories in democratic settings, neglecting the role that conspiracy theories play in autocracies. We ask two questions about the supply of conspiracy theories in society. Are conspiracy theories prevalent because of local culture or is their supply influenced by political leaders and institutions? And if leaders and institutions matter, are state-promoted conspiracy theories best understood as messaging about elite fears and priorities, or as distraction to deflect criticism away from the regime? To answer these questions, we develop a model for detecting conspiracy theories in the Arabic-language text of Egyptian newspapers. We compare the supply of conspiracy theories in a state-owned Egyptian newspaper, al-Ahram, to an independent Egyptian newspaper, al-Masry al-Youm, between 2005 and 2015. We find evidence that institutions matter: the content and prevalence of conspiracy theories varies by newspaper and changes as state institutions change.
Bio: Richard Nielsen is an Associate Professor of Political Science at MIT. He completed his PhD (Government) and AM (Statistics) at Harvard University, and holds a BA from Brigham Young University. His book, Deadly Clerics (Cambridge University Press), uses statistical text analysis and fieldwork in Cairo mosques to understand the radicalization of jihadi clerics in the Arab world. Nielsen also writes on international law, the political economy of human rights, political violence, and political methodology. Some of this work is published or forthcoming in The American Journal of Political Science, International Studies Quarterly, Political Analysis, and Sociological Methods and Research. In 2017-2019 he is an Andrew Carnegie fellow, and his work has previously been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, and the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
Abstract: Since its founding more than 60 years ago, the Institute of Behavioral Science has had a long, complicated, distinguished, and sometimes quarrelsome history. During that time, it has pursued a mission dedicated to studying and finding solutions to societal problems. In this presentation we outline the Institute’s history and discuss its intellectual leaders and some of its most important contributions. In doing so we focus on the ways that it has developed a structure and research agenda, and how it has confronted the challenge of achieving its interdisciplinary goals in a changing local, national and global scientific environment.
Bio: Jacob Flaws is an Instructor in the Department of History at CU Boulder, where he received his Ph.D. in the spring of 2020, with a dissertation entitled “The Spaces of Treblinka.”
Steve Graham was Administrative Officer at the Institute of Behavioral Science until 2015.
Myron Gutmann is Professor of History and Director of the Institute of Behavioral Science at the University of Colorado Boulder, where he has been a faculty member since 2014.
Richard Jessor is Distinguished Professor of Behavioral Science and Professor of Psychology, Emeritus at CU Boulder, where he was Director of the Institute of Behavioral Science from 1980 until 2001
IBS is committed to advancing knowledge of society's most pressing challenges, and to pursuing solutions to those challenges through innovative and interdisciplinary research, education, and engagement in the world.