Amanda Carrico, Environmental Studies, University of Colorado-Boulder
The question of how climate change drives temporary and permanent human migration has been the focus of much research in recent decades. As a densely populated low-lying nation, Bangladesh is an especially important context to explore the relationship between migration and environmental change. In this talk, I will discuss findings from the Bangladesh Environment and Migration Survey (BEMS), which collected retrospective history data from Bangladeshi households in 2014. I will examine how internal and international outmigration have evolved over time in this region. I will focus specifically on the relationship between extreme weather and outmigration, and how the existence of social ties to other migrants moderates this relationship.
Sir Michael Marmot, Professor of Epidemiology at University College London and Former President of the World Medical Association
"Social Justice, Social Determinants, and Health Equity"
Taking action to reduce health inequalities is a matter of social justice. In developing strategies for tackling health inequalities we need to confront the social gradient in health not just the difference between the worst off and everybody else. There is clear evidence when we look across countries that national policies make a difference and that much can be done in cities, towns and local areas. But policies and interventions must not be confined to the health care system; they need to address the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. The evidence shows that economic circumstances are important but are not the only drivers of health inequalities. Tackling the health gap will take action, based on sound evidence, across the whole of society.
About Sir Michael:
Sir Michael Marmot is Professor of Epidemiology at University College London, and Immediate Past President of the World Medical Association. He is the author of The Health Gap: the challenge of an unequal world (Bloomsbury: 2015) and Status Syndrome: how your place on the social gradient directly affects your health (Bloomsbury: 2004). Professor Marmot holds the Harvard Lown Professorship for 2014-2017 and is the recipient of the Prince Mahidol Award for Public Health 2015. He has been awarded honorary doctorates from 18 universities. Marmot has led research groups on health inequalities for 40 years. He chairs the Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas, set up in 2015 by the World Health Organizations’ Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO/ WHO). He was Chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which was set up by the World Health Organization in 2005, and produced the report entitled: ‘Closing the Gap in a Generation’ in August 2008. At the request of the British Government, he conducted the Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England post 2010, which published its report 'Fair Society, Healthy Lives' in February 2010. This was followed by the European Review of Social Determinants of Health and the Health Divide, for WHO Euro in 2014. He chaired the Breast Screening Review for the NHS National Cancer Action Team and was a member of The Lancet-University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health. He set up and led a number of longitudinal cohort studies on the social gradient in health in the UCL Department of Epidemiology & Public Health (where he was head of department for 25 years): the Whitehall II Studies of British Civil Servants, investigating explanations for the striking inverse social gradient in morbidity and mortality; the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), and several international research efforts on the social determinants of health. He served as President of the British Medical Association (BMA) in 2010-2011, and is President of the British Lung Foundation. He is an Honorary Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology; a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences; an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy, and an Honorary Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health of the Royal College of Physicians. He was a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution for six years and in 2000 he was knighted by Her Majesty The Queen, for services to epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities. Professor Marmot is a Member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Word co-occurrences and similarity in survey prompts (questions) carry lexical and semantic information. This presentation demonstrates the potency of using such embedded information by demonstrating that behavioral theories can be reconstructed significantly through Natural Language Processing (NLP) approaches. It is suggested that, possibly, part of the reason for the high statistical validity and correlational relationships between many constructs in behavioral theories may be attributed to the lexical and semantic closeness of measurement items. After demonstrating this phenomenon in several theories, two competing areas of research are outlined: 1) The use of NLP to predict the correlation matrices for behavioral theories, and potentially adjust the relationship between constructs and behaviors to better predict future behavior; 2) the large-scale analysis of thousands of survey prompts to create maps and better understand their relationships. The presentation will show how NLP can be used to solve Thorndike’s (1904) Jingle Fallacy and Kelley’s (1927) Jangle Fallacy, as well as to create the nomological networks suggested by Cronbach and Meehl (1955).
Dr. Kai R. Larsen is an associate professor of information systems within the Division of Organizational Leadership and Information Analytics at the Leeds School of Business with a courtesy appointment as an Associate Professor in Information Science in the College of Media, Communication and Information. He is conducting research to create a transdisciplinary "backbone" for behavioral research. His research has implications for our understanding of all human behaviors, including technology utilization, investor decisions, and cancer prevention behaviors. He was the 2015 recipient of the Association for Information Systems’ Technology Challenge Award.
Rick Mansfield, Economics, University of Colorado-Boulder
Current Research Interests:
School and neighborhood effects on adult earnings and educational outcomes, US geographic labor market Integration and the incidence of local labor market policies, estimation of two-sided matching games and equilibrium sorting models in the labor market and education system contexts, forecasting the future evolution of race- and gender-specific lifetime earnings distributions.
Dr. Larry Hedges, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University
Replication is a fundamental aspect of the scientific method and is central to the practice of science. Yet recent empirical research has called into question the replicability of experimental research which undermines the credibility of science and the evidence science provides. There has been little research on the methodology of replication itself, including the design of replication studies and appropriate statistical analyses to determine whether a set of studies replicate one another. This talk will draw on a meta-analytic perspective to formalize ideas about the definition of replication and the analysis of replication studies.
Sponsored By: Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development, Problem Behavior and Positive Youth Development Program, Health and Society Program, School of Education at the University of Colorado Boulder
Wednesday, March 21st 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm, IBS 155B
Dr. Kacper Gradon, Director of the Centre for Forensic & Investigative Sciences (University of Warsaw)
Dr. Kacper Gradon is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Warsaw and the Director of the Centre for Forensic & Investigative Sciences (University of Warsaw). He is also an Associate Visiting Professor at UCL Department of Security and Crime Science (since 2010) as well as the University College London Honorary Senior Research Associate.
Both his Masters (2000) and Doctoral (2008, Magna cum Laude) dissertations address the issues of multiple homicide, crime prevention, criminal analysis and offender profiling. He has over 14 years of experience in research projects and teaching related to Homicide Investigation, Crime Scene Analysis, Forensic & Investigative Sciences and Criminology that he gained in Poland, UK, Canada and the USA. He has spoken at over 90 academic and Police conferences and seminars across Europe and North America.
Dr. Gradon worked for 3 years at the General Headquarters of the Polish National Police, where he participated in the creation of the Criminal Analysis and Criminal Intelligence Units. He also completed the London Metropolitan Police Specialist Operations Training of Hostage Negotiations, as well as several other Police courses in preventing and combating crime, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Dutch Police, Guardia di Finanza, Bundeskriminalamt, Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
FP7 PRIME was a 3-year long (2014-2017) EU-funded project aimed to improve the understanding of lone actor terrorism and to inform the design of social and physical counter-measures for the prevention of lone-actor radicalization, the disruption of lone-actor terrorist plots and the mitigation of terrorist attacks carried out by lone extremists. PRIME research consortium (University College London, Kings College London, University of Warsaw, University of Leiden, Aarhus University and Hebrew University of Jerusalem) cooperated closely with subject matter experts and with counter-terrorism and counter-extremism merit.
The presentation will focus on the most practical observations and conclusions drawn by the PRIME team responsible for the analysis of existing and potential countermeasures against violent extremism and terrorism. University of Warsaw scholars interviewed and consulted over 130 frontline practitioners representing law-enforcement agencies and intelligence services from Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, India, Georgia and Israel, gathering first-hand data on the operational constraints and limitations affecting the effectiveness of counter-terrorism operations, and preparing the comprehensive set of countermeasures that can be practically applied to disrupt extremist plots at all three stages of the PRIME-designed “RAPA” model (Radicalization – Attack Preparation – Attack).
The speaker will cover the PRIME recommendations presented to the European Commission and will go beyond the state of the art, describing the approaches both to the newly adapted "analogue" terrorist MOs (such as run-over attacks, arsons and stabbings - strategies endorsed both by ISIS and AQ), and to the digital frontiers of threats, analyzing the challenges that they pose to law-enforcement and security services.
Problem Behavior and Positive Youth Development Program
Dr. Douglas Seals, Distinguished Professor, Department of Integrative Physiology, CU Boulder
Douglas Seals is a Professor of Integrative Physiology and Medicine at the University of Colorado. For 33 years, he has conducted research related to healthy aging, and much of his recent work has focused on prevention of adverse vascular aging and age-related cardiovascular diseases. Doug’s research is supported by grants from the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and for decades his laboratory has provided training in aging research to students and post-graduate scientists.
Tuesday, April 3rd 3:00 pm - 5:00 pm, Lincoln Lecture Hall Naropa University 2130 Arapahoe Ave., Boulder, CO
Compassion is one of the great human virtues, the ground and basis for altruistic
behavior. Modern scientific research suggests that compassion can be fostered
and trained, both to benefit others and to enhance personal well-being, happiness,
This program draws on mindfulness and compassion practices from wisdom
traditions, in particular from Buddhism, as well as the findings of neuro- and social
science. The training is deeply experiential and introduces contemplative practices
through which you will explore the emotional quality of various forms of compassion
and related behaviors. Our study is supported by readings on modern and ancient
views on compassion as it functions within the individual, groups, and communities.
The training will expand and refine your understanding of compassion and
identify ways to support compassionate behavior in your personal, social, and
Thursday, May 17th 8:00 am - Friday, May 18th 5:00 pm, Institute of Behavioral Science, CU Boulder
The two-day workshop will bring together approximately 10 researchers and policy communicators to discuss, and move forward, research on this important intersection. We will spend much of the workshop brainstorming about knowledge gaps and beginning papers/proposals designed to fill those gaps. Contributors will include members of IUSSP’s Special Emphasis Panel on Climate, Migration and Health. For more information, please contact Lori.Hunter@colorado.edu.
Robert Wyrod, Women & Gender Studies, University of Colorado-Boulder
In the West, the connection between women’s rights and women’s sexual health is often taken as a given. Women’s successful struggles for sexual autonomy, reclaiming sexual desire, and control over reproduction were foundational aspects of the women’s liberation movement. This talk examines why this link between rights and sexual health cannot be assumed in many non-Western contexts. Drawing on ethnographic research in Uganda, a country noted for its promotion of women’s rights, Robert discusses the rather puzzling disconnect he encountered between women’s rights and women’s sexual health. He will present a four-part framework that helps explain this disconnect and then discuss the implications these findings have for the sexual health of African women, and men, in the context of HIV/AIDS.
Ian Walker is a Lead Economist in the Jobs Group at the World Bank. He was previously the IADB’s Representative in Honduras; and a Lead Economist in the World Bank’s social protection team for Latin America and the Caribbean Region. His recent publications have focused on social protection systems and on the supply and demand for skills. He has also worked on country strategies, private sector development, infrastructure, value chains and on household and firm surveys for impact evaluation and other purposes.
Lunch will be served.
Program on International Development
Kate Coleman-Minahan is a social scientist and family nurse practitioner who joined the CU College of Nursing as an assistant professor in 2017. She received her PhD in Health and Behavioral Sciences from the University of Colorado Denver and completed a postdoctoral research fellowship with the Texas Policy Evaluation Project (TxPEP) at the University of Texas at Austin.
Marginalized young women experience sexual and reproductive health disparities through the intersection of gender, age, race/ethnicity, immigration status, and socioeconomic status. I will present my current and proposed work addressing how society, public policy, healthcare systems, and research practice fail these young women through, (1) reproducing and ignoring structural vulnerability, (2) restricting access to reproductive health services, and (3) reinforcing stigma around adolescent sex, pregnancy, and abortion.
J. Ketil Arnulf, Norwegian Business School & Kim Nimon, University of Texas
Abstract: The Semantic Theory of Survey Response (STSR) states that when survey respondents are asked to reply in terms of their attitude strength, as is common in, for example, Likert scales, the most likely source of variation is from language understanding shared by all rather than from respondents’ shared experiences as a group. In STSR, this variance is often tested by calculating the semantic or lexical similarity among survey items using natural language processing tools such as Latent Semantic Analysis, and using these similarities to predict or explain correlations. So far, several leadership and IS theories have been shown to be largely explainable through such analysis (Arnulf & Larsen, 2015; Arnulf, Larsen, Martinsen, & Bong, 2014; Gefen & Larsen, 2017; Larsen & Bong, 2013; Nimon, Shuck, & Zigarmi, 2015), and a forthcoming paper in Behavior Research Methods extends the work to the individual respondent level (Arnulf, Larsen, Martinsen, & Egeland, 2018). Join to discuss whether Rensis Likert has led the psychometric disciplines on an 85-year wild goose chase, and how to STSR-proof surveys
Tuesday, January 23rd 12:00 pm - 1:15 pm, Old Main Chapel
The Opportunities and Challenges of Economic Development brings together three experts
to discuss recent global trends in economic development, the benefits and costs of
economic growth and gender, and economic development programs with a focus on the
business of international development and postconflict/ disaster development.
Michael Ross (co-authors Cesar Martinez Alvarez, Chad Hazlett, and Paasha Mahdavi)
All governments either tax or subsidize the consumption of fossil fuels. These policies have far-reaching economic and environmental consequences, but governments often face strong political pressure to keep prices low. We use a new data set on monthly gasoline prices around the world to study the conditions under which governments change their gasoline subsidies. We focus on the 22 countries responsible for more than 95 percent of the world’s gasoline subsidies between 2003 and 2015. Our analysis suggests that many factors alleged to promote reform have little impact. Reforms, while rare, became significantly rarer when elections are imminent.
Michael L. Ross is a Professor of Political Science at University of California Los Angeles and is affiliated with the UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability. He has published widely on the political and economic problems of resource-rich countries, energy politics, civil war, democracy, and gender rights.
Ross is the Executive Director and co-founder of the Project on Resources, Governance, and Development; a Non-resident Fellow at the Center for Global Development; a member of the SSRC Working Group on Climate Change; a member of the advisory boards of the Natural Resources Governance Institute and Clean Trade; and a member of the Political Instability Task Force, the Multi Stakeholder Group of the US Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network Thematic Group on "Good Governance of Extractive and Land Resources."
Program on International Development
Thursday, January 18th 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm, IBS 155B
Matthew Turner, Professor of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Matthew Turner is a professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research concerns, in broad terms, nature-society relations in dryland West Africa. Using political ecology frameworks, he has conducted research on questions of environmental governance, resource-related conflict, pastoral livelihoods, property institutions, dryland degradation, vegetative dynamics, food security, and climate change vulnerability. His work often involves mixed methods combining qualitative and quantitative data and analysis in novel ways. As someone with strong commitments to the rural people with whom he works, he often finds it necessary to critically engage with environmental science and development practices that directly or indirectly shape their lives.
Eric Carlson is a fifth-year graduate student in the department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and was recently hired by the Research & Development Office (RIO) as a Research Development Associate. He is the resident expert on funding opportunity databases and trains researchers how to identify funding opportunities using SPIN and the Foundation Directory Online. He is available for both group trainings and individual faculty consultations in all disciplines.
Thursday, November 16th 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm, IBS 155B
It’s Not Easy Assessing Green: An exploration into different measures of exposure
to urban vegetation and how that may differentially affect health
Numerous studies document various health benefits associated with living near vegetation, often called ‘green space’ or greenness. Studies have found that people who live in areas with more versus less surrounding greenness live longer, have better mental health, fewer adverse birth outcomes, and better self-rated health. But the conceptualization of what exposure to ‘green space’ or ‘greenness’ varies by study and it is unclear if study findings differ by how the exposure was measured and by the type of vegetation. My talk will detail findings from my work trying to understand what we mean by greenspace in urban areas and if this differentially affects health.
Colleen Reid’s research focuses on the interaction of environmental and social exposures on population health with a particular focus on the health impacts of exposures influenced by global climatic changes and society’s responses to those changes. Specifically, she has led research projects on the health impacts of the 2008 northern California wildfires, and the creation and evaluation of a national neighborhood-level map of vulnerability to extreme heat events. Trained in environmental epidemiology and spatial exposure assessment at the University of California, Berkeley, her post-doctoral training was in social epidemiology as a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholar at Harvard University. Dr. Reid is currently an assistant professor in Geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
IBS is committed to advancing knowledge of society's most pressing challenges, and to pursuing solutions to those challenges through innovative and interdisciplinary research, education, and engagement in the world.